The increasing preference for using offshore production could push the New Zealand textile industry to die off within two years, the founder of an outdoor apparel brand says.
Over 40 years to 2016, the number of jobs in textile, clothing and footwear plunged from 47,000 to just 9500.
Davey Hughes, who started Swazi in 1993, said New Zealand factories were being priced out of the market by cheaper overseas suppliers.
“It’s chiselling away at the foundation of the apparel industry in New Zealand,” he said.
“Each year we see more and more government departments taking all of their uniforms, their clothing, their safety equipment offshore to be manufactured simply because New Zealand manufacturers aren’t as competitive as those in the Far East.”
Mr Hughes said the textile industry had been in a steep decline for some time and would probably die by 2020.
“I think it’ll be incredibly sad … People who sew garments, you know, they’re craftspeople and it’s a craft that once you lose it, you lose it forever,” he said.
“I think we’re so close to that actually happening.”
“In Auckland, there is a woman and she is a genius at button-holing.
“Now, everyone who has ever judged iD has had a buttonhole made by her, and she is looking to retire and sell her business,” he said.
“No-one is buying her business and when she retires I will stop making jackets with buttons and just put zips on them, because there won’t be anyone to put buttons on my garments.”
World owner Dame Denise L’Estrange-Corbet said this week her company had been selling T-shirts made in Bangladesh for “approximately seven years”, after the factories with the machinery they needed to make their T-shirts all closed down.
Before the World controversy, designer Annah Stretton said she had to move production to China, because there were no machines left in New Zealand that could create the intricate detailing for which she is known.
“From our point of view, there’s a lot of femininity, a lot of froufrou … there’s a lot of trimming, there’s a lot of colour, there’s a lot of print,” she said.
“That is a lot harder to get here.”
Statistics from the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment showed that in 2009, the export value of tapestries, trimmings and embroidery was $5million, while its value in 2017 was just $2million.
In addition to the struggles faced with production moving offshore, Mr Hughes said new costs such as the rise in the minimum wage meant keeping production local was only going to get harder.
“Everything that gets pushed against us is just making it so unsustainable,” he said.
Mr Hughes said there should be more factories like his in regional towns to improve the economic sustainability of local and national economies.